- Rowlands, A and Sargent, A (2019) - The ECG Workbook, 4th edn, M&K Publishing
- Thaler, MS (2018) - The Only EKG Book You'll Ever Need, 9th edn, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
- (2015) - ECG Interpretation Made Incredibly Easy!, 6th edn, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
- Goldberger, A (2006) - Clinical Electrocardiography: A Simplified Approach, 9th edn, Elsevier
- Douglas Wong (2011) - The ST Elevation Song! (What to Look for on an EKG), (Accessed: 07/09/2019)
- Easy EKG (2015) - Easy EKG: STEMI, (Accessed: 07/09/2019)
- USMLEVideoLectures (2008) - Most Important ECG Findings in Major Diseases, (Accessed: 28/06/2019)
This ECG is from a woman in her 70s who presented with sudden nausea, diaphoresis and brief syncope.
This ECG shows subtle concave ST elevation in inferior leads and V4-6. The angiogram was normal, troponins negative and echo showed no wall motion abnormality. The most likely cause was a normal variant.
This ECG is from a man in his 70s who presented with chest pain and nausea on a background of previous MI.
This ECG shows sinus rhythm with PVCs and subtle ST elevation in I, aVL and V2 and reciprocal ST depression in III and aVF. Angiogram was negative. The most likely cause was a brief LAD occlusion that spontaneously reperfused.
This ECG is from a man in his 60s who developed hypokalemia during a complicated hospital admission including GI bleed and anaemia.
This ECG shows inverted T waves and inverted U waves with a very prolonged QT. There is subtle ST elevation in inferior and lateral leads. Troponin was elevated, echo showed regional wall motion abnormalities apical and anteriorly. Angiogram showed severe multivessel disease and an apical LAD occlusion of uncertain age. The most likely cause was either a small infarction or takotsubo.