- Rowlands, A and Sargent, A (2019) - The ECG Workbook, 4th edn, M&K Publishing
- Hampton, J and Hampton, J (2019) - The ECG Made Easy, 9th edn, Elsevier
- Thaler, MS (2018) - The Only EKG Book You'll Ever Need, 9th edn, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
- Houghton, AR and Gray, D (2014) - Making Sense of the ECG: A Hands-on Guide, 4th edn, Taylor and Francis
- Wagner, GS and Strauss, DG (2013) - Marriott's Practical Electrocardiography, 12th edn, LWW
- Goldberger, A (2006) - Clinical Electrocardiography: A Simplified Approach, 9th edn, Elsevier
- Anna Pickens (2015) - EKG interpretation, (Accessed: 11/08/2019)
- Ashley Adkins (2016) - EKGs: Sinus Rhythms, (Accessed: 08/09/2019)
- EmpoweRN (2014) - EKG Tips!, (Accessed: 08/09/2019)
- MedCram - Medical Lectures Explained Clearly (2017) - EKG / ECG Interpretation Explained Clearly - Practice Case 11, (Accessed: 07/09/2019)
- MedSted1 (2012) - ECG/EKG (Electrocardiogram) interpretation, (Accessed: 08/09/2019)
- Michele Kunz (2009) - EKG Training: An Introduction to Tachycardia, (Accessed: 06/09/2019)
- Nurseledclinics (2011) - www.fastlearnecg.com : Simple reading and Interpreting of a 12-lead ECG (EKG) - Yes you can do it!, (Accessed: 10/09/2019)
- Robert Delikat (2009) - Intro EKG Interpretation Part 2, (Accessed: 06/09/2019)
- Simple Nursing (2019) - EKG l Interpretation of Sinus Rhythms ECG Overview, (Accessed: 07/09/2019)
- Simple Nursing (2018) - 5 minute EKG/ECG Interpretation 5 step EKG interpretation for NCLEX-RN - Simplenursing, (Accessed: 07/09/2019)
- Simple Nursing (2012) - EKG interpretation: Atrial Fibrillation. Part 1 of 2, (Accessed: 07/09/2019)
- Simple Nursing (2012) - Interpreting EKG rhythms in 15 seconds or less. Part 1, (Accessed: 07/09/2019)
- Strong Medicine (2014) - Intro to EKG Interpretation - How to Identify Any Tachyarrhythmia with 6 Easy Questions, (Accessed: 05/09/2019)
- Strong Medicine (2014) - Intro to EKG Interpretation - A Systematic Approach, (Accessed: 05/09/2019)
This ECG is from a man in his 60s who presented with abdominal pain dyspnoea and altered level of consciousness, in shock.
This ECG shows wide complex tachycardia with concordant ST elevation in V4-6, due to LAD occlusion. The rhythm was likely sinus tachycardia with RBBB and then LAFB mid way through the trace.
This ECG is from a man in his 50s who presented with syncope on a background of diabetes, opiate abuse and possible prior cardiac disease.
This ECG shows a supraventricular tachycardia with evidence of P waves, left axis deviation and slightly wider QRS (106 msec) likely due to LAFB, tall QRS concerning for LVH and fragmentation in V2-4 suggesting prior MI.
This ECG is from an older woman who presented with dyspnoea, diaphoresis and chest pressure. She had a background of paroxysmal AF for which she was on flecainide.
This ECG shows a regular wide complex tachycardia with possible flutter waves. There was no response to adenosine. The patient was electrically cardioverted. The cause was thought to be flecainide toxicity.
This ECG is from a man in his 70s who presented with intermittent dyspnoea and chest pain over the past 2 weeks. He had a history of a pacemaker, heart failure, aortic stenosis, diabetes, hypertension, stroke, ischemic heart disease, chronic kidney disease and peripheral vascular disease. This was his initial ECG.
This ECG shows a wide complex tachycardia with ventricular pacing. The excessively discordant ST changes in V4-6 and aVR suggested diffuse subendocardial ischemia. He was found to have severe three vessel disease and a proximal left circumflex stenosis was stented.
This ECG is from a man in his 60s who presented with intermittent shortness of breath and chest pressure over the past few days. This was his initial ECG.
This ECG shows a regular narrow complex tachycardia around 200 bpm, without P waves, with marked ST elevation in inferior leads and ST depression in anterior leads and aVL. The cause was thought to be atrial flutter from newly started flecainide. He also underwent angiography and had stents inserted to the left circumflex and right coronary arteries.
This ECG is from a man in his 60s who presented with intermittent shortness of breath and chest pressure over the past few days. This was his repeat ECG after the rhythm changed.
This ECG shows a sinus tachycardia with ST elevation in inferior leads and ST depression in anterior leads and aVL. He underwent angiography and had stents inserted to the left circumflex and right coronary arteries.